Black Lives Matter UK campaigners blocked roads leading to London’s largest airport, as part of a series of nationwide protests on Friday.
Some transport routes in other British cities came to a standstill, with demonstrators chaining themselves together in Birmingham and Nottingham. More protests were planned in Manchester.
“In the UK, families have in some cases been waiting decades to find out what’s happened to their loved ones who have died in custody, or to get a straight answer — even where wrongdoing has been found to be by police officers,” Black Lives Matter UK spokesman Wail Qasim, 23, told CNN.
“So this demonstration comes after a decade-long struggle and it’s to highlight what’s happening.”
— Wail Qasim (@WailQ) August 5, 2016
From around 8.20 a.m. local time (3.20 a.m. ET) several demonstrators began chaining themselves together and lying across the M4 motorway leading to Heathrow Airport beneath a banner reading: “This is a crisis.”
Ten people were arrested, said London’s Metropolitan Police.
— #BlackLivesMatterUK (@ukblm) August 5, 2016
The airport is Britain’s largest, handling over 205,000 passengers daily and host to 80 airlines traveling to 84 countries across the world.
— SymeonBrown (@symeonbrown) August 5, 2016
The group also blocked roads near Birmingham Airport, in England’s West Midlands region.
— Maya Evans (@MayaAnneEvans) August 5, 2016
In Nottingham town center, in the East Midlands region of England, protesters also lay across tram lines, bringing transport to a standstill.
— Sandish Shoker (@ShokerMotion) August 5, 2016
Four people were arrested at the protest, said Nottingham Police.
What is Black Lives Matter UK?
Black Lives Matter UK is a coalition of activists working under the Black Lives Matter banner and is not an official branch of the original US organization.
The groups do not share funding, however they are in contact and promote each other’s events on social media.
“At the moment we’re in conversation about how we might work together in the future,” Black Lives Matter UK spokeswoman Shanice Octavia, 23, told CNN.
“They’re very supportive because they understand that police brutality of black people is a global issue requiring a global response.”
She added that Black Lives Matter UK was mostly made up of black people in their 20s but also included those “from an older generation who have struggled against injustice in the past.”
How global is Black Lives Matter?
“We’ve also seen recent cases of mobilized protests coming from the aboriginal community in Australia, and in Italy and France against black deaths in police custody,” said Octavia.
The UK organization has also been protesting against British immigration policies, pointing to the deaths of migrants attempting to reach the country.
Who was Mark Duggan?
Five years and one day ago father-of-four Duggan was shot by police officers who stopped the taxi in which he was traveling on August 4, 2011.
An inquest into his death in 2014 found Duggan was lawfully killed, even though he did not have a gun in his hand at the moment he was shot.
The jury said it was more likely than not that just before he was killed, Duggan had thrown a gun from the taxi onto a grassy area near the scene.