The history of computers and technology always relies on the reliability of calculating with speed and accuracy. examples include the abacus and other mechanical calculators that dated back as far as 5,000 years ago–using rows of sliding beads for categorizing places in numbers or mechanically engineered rods to perform arithmetic operations. However, the latest preference pertains to utilizing the computer for projects that require large formulas.
By definition, a computer is a mechanical or electronic device that is designed to store, gather and manipulate extreme amounts of data at high speeds while applying this kind of information accurately. In addition, this particular feat is achievable without any human intervention, by incorporating programs for command-oriented instructions to the computer’s processing unit.
Computer Technology: Images (Analytical Engine/ENIAC/Vacuum Tubes/Transistor)
According to historians, an Englishman–Charles Babbage–created and helped to develop an absolute computer during the 19th century called the Analytical Engine. This specific design consisted of mechanical axles and hundreds of years. As featured, the Analytical Engine sorted and processed 40-digit numbers. Soon after, an Ada Augusta Byron–the daughter of Lord Byron–began to exploit this particular innovative contraption. However, this project didn’t last long; the type of technology was perceived as too complex for those times–it was put on hold until 70-years after Charles Babbage’s death.
To spark the thought of computer again, two masters from Iowa State University–Clifford Berry and John Atanasoff–along with Howard Aiken (Howard University) combined their computer interests to begin a computer-oriented project. Unfortunately, this event wasn’t successful either. Plainly, immediate results: the Atanasoff-Berry project didn’t operate while requiring interventions with the operator, in order to attempt completed a computer task. Similarly, Aiken’s Mark did not work by itself either.
Computer Technology: ENIAC (Vacuum Tube Technology) & Transistors
Vaccum Tube Technology. During the mid-century mark of the 1900s the infamous J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly (University of Pennsylvania) completed developments of the fully functional ENIAC. This particular computer development went on as a type of success, even though it was huge 80-ft long; 8-ft. wide; 33-tons; and comprised of 17,000 vacuum tubes in its circuitry. Furthermore, the ENIAC used up to 175,000 watts of electricity while it performs computations @ 5,000 additions per second. Frankly, this vacuum saga continued for 1o-years as top computer companies (i.e. IBM and Remington) took that particular concept seriously and establish a climate-controlled environment that is mandatory for attaining universities, large businesses, and primary government agencies.
Transistor Technology. Transistors attribute to the finesse of the vacuum tube brigade saga, by taking a stance after those tubes became less impressive around 1950 regardless of the vacuum tubes usability. Frankly, the transistor contributed a better part, because of its reliability and additions to computer speed. This, in turn, began a new spin in technology for the 20th century–small and energy efficient.
As reflective Nobel Prize Winners–William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Brattain–connected with 1940’s Bell Lab, their influence on the transistor design promoted computer technology that was installed to enhance integrated circuits, which were the norm in microcomputers and the much larger mainframe computer.