Science

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Inflammation, Not Acid, Causes Esophageal Condition, Study Shows

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Inflammation, Not Acid, Causes Esophageal Condition, Study Shows

For more than 80 years doctors have believed that stomach acid backing up through the esophagus causes the damage to the lining of the esophagus in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Dallas VA Medical Center have proven that …

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Scientists Believe Patient With Virus Could Hold Key to Development of HIV Vaccine

Scientists Believe Patient With Virus Could Hold Key to Development of HIV Vaccine

An HIV vaccine may be closer to becoming a reality. A team of researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have identified a powerful antibody in the blood of an HIV patient that may hold clues on how to find an effective way to prevent the virus that causes AIDS. Essentially, …

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New Findings Explain the Connection Between Melatonin, Type 2 Diabetes

New Findings Explain the Connection Between Melatonin, Type 2 Diabetes

A new experimental and clinical study from Lund University in Sweden shows that the sleep hormone melatonin impairs insulin secretion in people with a common gene variant. “This could explain why the risk of type 2 diabetes is greater among, for instance, overnight workers or people with sleeping disorders”, says …

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Scientists Meet at Harvard University Privately to Discuss Human Genome Synthesis

Scientists Meet at Harvard University Privately to Discuss Human Genome Synthesis

Multiple outlets reported that about 150 scientists met at Harvard University Medical School on Tuesday to discuss creating a synthetic human genome using chemicals to manufacture DNA. Prominent Stanford scientist Drew Endy is denouncing a secret meeting held at Harvard University this week to discuss creating a synthetic human genome …

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Mount St Helens is Recharging Its Magma

Mount St Helens is Recharging Its Magma

Mount St Helens appears to be in the very early stages of preparing for another eruption. There have been more than 130 earthquakes detected near the mountain by the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network since March 14th. The quakes have been small, having, on average, a magnitude of 0.5 or less. The largest …

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Shock Wave: 2nd-Strongest Wave From Merging Galaxy Cluster Identified

Shock Wave: 2nd-Strongest Wave From Merging Galaxy Cluster Identified

Sarthak Dasadia, a physics doctoral student at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, recently identified a massive shock wave emanating from a merging galaxy cluster known as Abell 655. The shock wave is the second-strongest merger shock — bested only by the Bullet Cluster shock, which astronomers measured in 2006. …

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Hispaniolan Solenodon: Endangered Venomous Mammal Predates Dinosaurs’ Extinction

Hispaniolan Solenodon: Endangered Venomous Mammal Predates Dinosaurs' Extinction

After sequencing the mitochondrial genome of the Hispaniolan solenodon, scientists confirmed that the endangered venomous mammal diverged from all other living mammals some 78 million years ago. The species, Solenodon paradoxus, predates the extinction of the dinosaurs. “It’s just impressive it’s survived this long,” Adam Brandt, a postdoctoral researcher at the …

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Archaeogenetics: Study of Human Fossils Shows Migration Patterns in Europe From 45,000 Years Ago

A new study sheds light on the genetic composition of early modern humans, who arrived in Europe about 45,000 years ago and lived for millennia alongside our extinct cousins, the Neanderthals. In analyzing DNA from the ancient bones – 45,000 to 7,000 years old – of 51 of these prehistoric …

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Scientists Discover 3 Potentially Habitable Planets Using Telescope in La Silla, Chile

Scientists Discover 3 Potentially Habitable Planets Using Telescope in La Silla, Chile

An international team of scientists said Monday they had discovered a trio of Earth-like planets that are the best bet so far for finding life outside our solar system. The three orbit an ultracool dwarf star a mere 39 light years away, and are likely comparable in size and temperature …

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Scientists Find Possible Cheaper Method for Creating Quantum Bits Using Aluminum Nitride

Scientists Find Possible Cheaper Method for Creating Quantum Bits Using Aluminum Nitride

Quantum computers have the potential to break common cryptography techniques, search huge datasets and simulate quantum systems in a fraction of the time it would take today’s computers. But before this can happen, engineers need to be able to harness the properties of quantum bits or qubits. Currently, one of …

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