After reading about the suicides of two Pakistani youths, I want to put a light on suicides.
These happen and are prevalent worldwide. According to the American Foundation on Suicide Prevention, approximately 12 to 13 deaths take place in every 100,000 people. Worldwide, according to Befriends.org, 16 in every 100,000 people die from suicide. 1.8 percent of deaths in the world are suicides.
Suicide is one of the top causes of death in America. There are biological, psychological, socioeconomic, sociocultural, and environmental factors. Depression is the eminent indicator of suicide. History of incarceration, in the past or present, substance abuse, history of abuse to oneself or seeing it take place are some of the risk factors, as reported by April Kahn and George Krucik, MD, on Healthline.com. Family history of suicide is a contributing factor as are bullying and chronic illness. Mood disorders, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, and personality disorders are some of the reported biological illnesses of the mind that can be causes. Everyone should have access to mental health help or social networks to avoid the difficulty that they could experience while trying to seek help, if or when needed. Being ostracized from any social system, whether in the home or external from the home, is very important to pay attention to. This can verily be a cause and can be avoided.
In adolescence, individuals experience identity vs. confusion, according to Erik Erikson. This is where the individual must live with the burden of society’s expectations. The expectations of society may vary based upon cultural barriers. Cultural and gender barriers exist. In Pakistan, there are arranged marriages and even coercive marriage, and while less rural areas where more education exists do not coerce girls into marriage, the more remote areas do. This causes ample problems.
Suicide is serious as it is the loss of a life. Luckily medication and cognitive behavioral therapy are ways we can prevent suicides. If you need to talk to someone, like mentioned previously, have a family member or friend to talk to! Social networks are very crucial. There is also the number you can call, 1-800-273-TALK.