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Motorcycle History: In the Beginning…



The History of Motorcycles


Motorcycles offer the rider freedom. The open road stretches in front of you. They offer freedom from the rest of the world; you are not going to be bothered by your ringing cell phone or the everyday stress of life. They give you the chance to feel like the wind is pulling you through the universe. There is nothing in this world that gives you the same feeling of the elements of skin, the road beneath your feet, and the freedom to go wherever your heart desires. Motorcycles are addictive. They are not a mode of transportation; they are a way of life.


In The Beginning…


The Motorcycle Concept. In 1967 the concept of a motorcycle was born. It was not a typical motorcycle that we have now days. It was powered by steam that came from coal. It was the first of the steam engines. They were a little bulky, and did not go very fast. Although it  was bulky, it still holds the same basic concepts of a motorcycle.

There is a moment in history where the bicycle collided with the gas engine. This moment was in 1885. A German man by the name of Gottlieb Daimler (see image) placed a gas powered engine, created by Nicolaus Otto, onto a wooden frame. This first cycle was not built for the speed like the models available to us, but you can imagine that they still offered quite a bit of freedom for the rider. It still would have had the feeling of the open road, a concept that was completely new to humans.


The term “motor cycle” actually came from an English print that promoted the machines that were being created by a man named Pennington. Hildebrand & Wolfmuller is given the title of the first to produce a series of motorcycles, but in actuality they never created more than a few hundred models, and Pennington did not make it out of the  prototype stage.

The year 1896 saw the Excelsior Motor Company out of Coventry England produce motorcycles that could be bought by the everyday person. The United States saw Charles Mett in 1898 set up his factory out of Waltham Massachusetts. The concept for all of these were still pretty much a base that consisted of an everyday pedal bicycle combined with the most basic of engines.

Ideally, inventing motorcycle really were not a priority. Many of the first inventions moved on with inventing other things, such as cars. The engine itself opened so many more doors.  However there was one company that carried on, Harley Davidson motorcycles were one of these companies. Originally they were just William Harley and the Davidson brothers, but in 1903 they opened up in Chicago with quality engines that could hold its own in any race. They legacy that they created is still alive today.

A fascinating company by the name of Indian Motorcycle Manufacturing Company was created by two former bicycle riders.  By 1913 they were producing 20,000 bikes in a single year. This number is astounding when you think about the amount of work it took to create the machines without the modern technology.

Surprisingly, before the First World War, motorcycles began to really take all over the world. Motorcycle racing propelled the market to create faster and more reliable machines. By the time this time they were no longer the simple engines with the bicycle base, they had their own technology. Police Departments in California even had police forces that were utilizing motorcycles in their patrols.



Motorcycles: During Times of War


The First World War and Motorcycles


The motorcycle was essential is providing support to the troops on the front line. In former wars the horse and riders were used. They were replaced with dispatched riders that could perform reconnaissance missions more quickly and get messages back faster than ever before.  The front lines could receive vital information faster with more accuracy than ever before.history-of-military-motorcycles-6

Harley Davidson gave over half of their production to the military efforts. Triumph Motorcycles out of Britain sold 30,000 of their Triumph Type H models to allied forces. This model was the first true motorcycle to come out of Triumph. They were not fitted with pedal and had a four stroke single cylinder engine.  It was so reliable that it was given the nickname of Trusty Triumph.


Post War Motorcycles


Harley-Davidson ruled the market and by 1921 they sold motorcycles in 67 countries.  However by the 1930’s DKW in Germany was the largest manufacturer. There were over 80 different makes and models that could be found in Britain by this time. BSA in Britain supplied the military with over 100,000 M20s in preparation of World War II.0306_02z+1930_harley_davidson_vl+side_view

It was after World War II that motorcycles became less about the economical choice and became more about the biker image. This is when it became more of a way of life. Honda was founded in Japan and immediately became a hit. To this day Honda, Kawasaki, Suzuki, and Yamaha are known worldwide. They hold their own against Harley-Davidson. They bring in two completely different riders.



Today’s Motorcycle: Sport-bikes


A sport-bike is for the enthusiast that thrives on speed, fast acceleration, quick braking, and easy maneuverability. The high foot pegs and lower hand controls place the rider’s weight right over the tank. The engines are more of a high performance engine. The material is typically more expensive because they need to be lighter to reduce weight and increase speed.big_thumb_468b211f4de4063d860fc7b0e5b59e8f

When you first look at a sport-bike, the plastic parts stick out the most. The reasons for plastic parts are many. Not only do they add to the look and feel of a bike, but they also decrease wind resistance. They are added to keep the wind out of the riders face as well as keep debris from flying up over the handlebars when used as part of the windscreen. The plastic parts of a sport-bike add to the ease of repairs. There are times when it is sculpted in pieces so that not every piece has to be removed if one gets damaged.

The feel of the bike is different for each person. Whether the feel of a sport-bike is for you or not, is a personal choice. Overall, motorbikes are for a certain type of person, no matter the type of bike. They are for a person who loves the open road, the feel of freedom, and the certain amount of alone time that comes with riding.


Surprisingly, successful communities appreciate being well informed, while exhibiting compliance to hierarchy and the demands of stratification. In relation, over the past decades, I have experienced a multitude of ventures that involve community, business, and social responsibility.


Emmy Nominations 2019: See The Full List



Emmy Nominations 2019: See The Full List

The 2019 Emmys have arrived. The 71st annual Primetime Emmy Awards will air live on Fox this Sunday, September 22, at 8 pm Eastern / 5 pm Pacific, and honor some of the biggest television achievements of the past year.

As usual, the major awards will be split into separate categories for comedy and drama. On the drama side, the 2019 nominations are both dominated by Game of Thrones — which is expected to set a new record for most Emmy wins by a single season — and unusually wide open. Many shows that would otherwise be contenders — including The Crown, Stranger Things, and The Handmaid’s Tale — did not air during the eligibility window (June 1, 2018 through May 31, 2019), either because they wanted to avoid competing against Game of Thrones or because they simply couldn’t produce a new season in time.

The thought held by many was that Game of Thrones would turn in an unbeatable swan song and the race would open up again in 2020. In hindsight, that final season was widely criticized and not nearly as unrivaled in its Emmy worthiness as many expected it to be. Nevertheless, Game of Thrones is still the frontrunner in multiple drama categories.

Game of Thrones is also the only show to be nominated in all seven drama categories. In addition to nods for Outstanding Drama Series, Directing for a Drama Series, and Writing for a Drama Series, stars Kit Harington and Emilia Clarke are nominated for Lead Actor in a Drama and Lead Actress in a Drama, respectively.

And the show has pretty much overwhelmed the final two drama categories, with Gwendoline Christie, Lena Headey, Sophie Turner, and Maisie Williams all nominated for Supporting Actress in a Drama, and Alfie Allen, Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, and Peter Dinklage all nominated for Supporting Actor in a Drama. In total, between the Primetime Emmys and the Creative Arts Emmys, Game of Thrones’ final season earned 32 nominations, the most received in a single year by any show in the history of the awards.

Having already won 10 awards at the Creative Arts Emmys — which were held last weekend and mainly honor the technical elements of TV production like cinematography, editing, and visual effects — Game of Thrones needs just two more to tie its own record for most Emmys won by a single season of any show. It needs only three to break that record.

The few contenders looking to upset Game of Thrones include This Is Us, Better Call Saul (returning to the race after being nominated in 2017 and sitting out last year), Killing Eve, Pose, Succession, Ozark, and Bodyguard.

Perhaps the biggest player on the comedy side is the final season of HBO’s Veep. After star Julia Louis-Dreyfus’s cancer diagnosis and treatment, Veep, the reigning comedy champ, sat out the Emmys in 2018. And in its absence, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel took home the major awards.

With Veep back in contention this year — and for its final season, no less — the series easily snagged a nomination for Outstanding Comedy Series. Its fellow contenders in the category include last year’s winner, Mrs. Maisel; returning nominee Barry; and newcomers to the race Russian Doll, The Good Place, Fleabag, and Schitt’s Creek.

Louis-Dreyfus is also nominated for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy, an honor she has as already won six times for her role as Selina Meyer (on top of a Lead Actress in a Comedy win for The New Adventures of Old Christine and a Supporting Actress in a Comedy win for Seinfeld). She’ll go head to head with Russian Doll’s Natasha Lyonne, Mrs. Maisel’s Rachel Brosnahan (who won last year), and Schitt’s Creek’s Catherine O’Hara, among others.

Here’s the list of 2019 Emmy nominees in all the major categories:

Outstanding Comedy Series



The Good Place

The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel

Russian Doll

Schitt’s Creek


Outstanding Drama Series

Better Call Saul


Game of Thrones

Killing Eve




This Is Us

Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie

Mahershala Ali, True Detective

Benicio Del Toro, Escape at Dannemora

Hugh Grant, A Very English Scandal

Jared Harris, Chernobyl

Jharrel Jerome, When They See Us

Sam Rockwell, Fosse/Verdon

Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Amy Adams, Sharp Objects

Patricia Arquette, Escape at Dannemora

Aunjanue Ellis, When They See us

Joey King, The Act

Niecy Nash, When They See Us

Michelle Williams, Fosse/Verdon

Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or Movie

Ben Whishaw, A Very English Scandal

Stellan Skarsgard, Chernobyl

Paul Dano, Escape at Dannemora

John Leguizamo, When They See Us

Michael K. Williams, When They See Us

Asante Blackk, When They See Us

Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Emily Watson, Chernobyl

Margaret Qualley, Fosse/Verdon

Patricia Clarkson, Sharp Objects

Patricia Arquette, The Act

Marsha Stephanie Blake, When They See Us

Vera Farmiga, When They See Us

Lead Actor in a Comedy Series

Anthony Anderson, Black-ish

Don Cheadle, Black Monday

Ted Danson, The Good Place

Michael Douglas, The Kominsky Method

Bill Hader, Barry

Eugene Levy, Schitt’s Creek

Lead Actress in a Comedy Series

Christina Applegate, Dead To Me

Rachel Brosnahan, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel

Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Veep

Natasha Lyonne, Russian Doll

Catherine O’Hara, Schitt’s Creek

Phoebe Waller-Bridge, Fleabag

Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series

Stephen Root, Barry

Henry Winkler, Barry

Anthony Carrigan, Barry

Alan Arkin, The Kominsky Method

Tony Shalhoub, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel

Tony Hale, Veep

Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series

Sarah Goldberg, Barry

Sian Clifford, Fleabag

Olivia Colman, Fleabag

Betty Gilpin, GLOW

Kate McKinnon, Saturday Night Live

Alex Borstein, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel

Marin Hinkle, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel

Anna Chlumsky, Veep

Lead Actor in a Drama Series

Jason Bateman, Ozark

Sterling K. Brown, This Is Us

Kit Harington, Game of Thrones

Bob Odenkirk, Better Call Saul

Billy Porter, Pose

Milo Ventimiglia, This Is Us

Lead Actress in a Drama Series

Emilia Clarke, Game of Thrones

Jodie Comer, Killing Eve

Viola Davis, How to Get Away with Murder

Laura Linney, Ozark

Mandy Moore, This Is Us

Sandra Oh, Killing Eve

Robin Wright, House of Cards

Supporting Actor in a Drama Series

Jonathan Banks, Better Call Saul

Giancarlo Esposito, Better Call Saul

Alfie Allen, Game of Thrones

Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Game of Thrones

Peter Dinklage, Game of Thrones

Michael Kelly, House of Cards

Chris Sullivan, This Is Us

Supporting Actress in a Drama Series

Gwendoline Christie, Game of Thrones

Lena Headey, Game of Thrones

Sophie Turner, Game of Thrones

Maisie Williams, Game of Thrones

Fiona Shaw, Killing Eve

Julia Garner, Ozark

Outstanding Reality Competition Series

Amazing Race

American Ninja Warrior

Nailed It

RuPaul’s Drag Race

Top Chef

The Voice

Outstanding Variety Talk Series

The Daily Show

Full Frontal

Jimmy Kimmel Live!

Last Week Tonight With John Oliver

The Late Late Show With James Corden

The Late Show With Stephen Colbert

Outstanding Variety Sketch Series

At Home With Amy Sedaris

Documentary Now!

Drunk History

I Love You, America With Sarah Silverman

Saturday Night Live

Who Is America?

Outstanding Television Movie




King Lear

My Dinner with Hervé

Outstanding Limited Series


Escape at Dannemora


Sharp Objects

When They See Us

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Blade Runner Star Rutger Hauer Has Died Aged 75



Blade Runner Star Rutger Hauer Has Died Aged 75

Hollywood star Rutger Hauer has died aged 75.

The actor was best known for playing Roy Batty in the 1982 movie Blade Runner and also Sin City, Batman Begins and TV show True Blood.

His agent Steve Kenis confirmed Hauer died on Friday following a short illness. His funeral was held on Wednesday.

Rutger Hauer has died aged 75. Credit: PA

Tributes have begun pouring in for the star, with Oscar-winning director Guillermo del Toro tweeting to say: “RIP the great Rutger Hauer: an intense, deep, genuine and magnetic actor that brought truth, power and beauty to his films.”

KISS musician Gene Simmons wrote: “Sad to hear Rutger Hauer has passed away. He was always a gentleman, kind and compassionate. Sending our condolences and prayers to his family, friends and fans.”

Hauer was born in Breukelen in the Netherlands and did stints in both the merchant navy and army before he became an actor.

He got his big break in 1969, when he became the lead in TV series Floris.

Away from acting, Hauer launched The Rutger Hauer Starfish Foundation, which aimed to raise awareness of HIV and AIDS, especially within children and pregnant women.

Issuing a statement following his death, the foundation said: “The Rutger Hauer Starfish Association announces with infinite sadness that after a very short illness, on Friday, July 19, 2019, Rutger passed away peacefully at his Dutch home.

“He leaves his beloved wife Ineke, after they have been together for fifty years.

“We at Starfish will always cherish the many unforgettable memories we have of Rutger and his dedication to the Rutger Hauer Starfish Association.

“One of Rutger’s last wishes was that Starfish should continue its charity activity and its fight against the AIDS disease, and with Ineke’s precious help, involvement and direction we will follow Rutger’s wish and will do our best to carry on Rutger’s inestimable legacy.”

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Freeform defends Halle Bailey’s casting as Ariel in “The Little Mermaid”!



Freeform defends Halle Bailey's casting as Ariel in "The Little Mermaid"!

Just in case you haven’t heard, Halle Bailey is the new Ariel, in an upcoming “The Little Mermaid” movie! She has been receiving messages from fans and other celebrities, congratulating her for landing the role!

Amongst those who congratulated her is Halle Berry, in a tweet she posted, “In case you needed a reminder… Halles get it DONE. Congratulations @chloexhalle on this amazing opportunity, we can’t wait to see what you!” She also added that she was “thrilled” for the 19 year old. However, not everyone was happy about Disney’s decision to cast a black woman for this role.

Some critics went as far as petitioning Disney to recast for this role, and titled their petition #NotMyAriel!  They suggested that Halle should be replaced by a white woman with red hair,  who would resemble the Ariel that they know from the 1989 animated version of The Little Mermaid. Now Freeform, Disney’s cable network, has decided to issue an open letter in response to this.

The letter read, “Yes. The original author of The Little Mermaid was Danish. Ariel…is a mermaid. She lives in an underwater kingdom in international waters and can legit swim wherever she wants (even though that often upsets King Triton, absolute zaddy). But for the sake of argument, let’s say that Ariel, too, is Danish”.

Related: Original Little Mermaid’s Ariel defends Halle Bailey’s casting

Freeform also added that, “Danish mermaids can be black because Danish *people* can be black. Ariel can sneak up to the surface at any time with her pals Scuttle and the *ahem* Jamaican crab Sebastian (sorry, Flounder!) and keep that bronze base tight. Black Danish people, and this mer-folk, can also *genetically* (!!!) have red hair”! Freeform then went on to remind the critics that Ariel and the story, is only fictional!


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